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Diagnostic Value and Discriminant Validity of the Wender-Utah Rating Scale for the Identification of Conner's Adult Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale Measurements in a Sample of Prisoners: A Controlled Validation
Ghaem Salehpoor Mr1 , Ghasem Salehpoor Mr 2, Ozra Akbari Miss3 , Soraya Bagheri Marvdizaj Mrs3
1- Guilan Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University
2- Shiraz University , MSalehpoor.ClinPsy@gmail.com
3- Tabriz University
Abstract:   (186 Views)
ADHD can lead to high-risk behaviors, and the use of a tool that is capable of diagnosing ADHD symptoms in delinquent populations is inevitable. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the diagnostic value and discriminant validity of the Wender-Utah Rating Scale (WURS-25) in a group of prisoners with and without ADHD symptomology and normal individuals with a definite lack of ADHD diagnosis based on the Conner's Adult ADHD Rating Scale.
Materials and Methods
In a validation study in Rasht Central Prison, in 2015-2016, 100 prisoners committed theft, and 70 normal individuals were selected as the sample. Tools included WURS-25, Conner's Adult ADHD Rating Scale, Social Adjustment Scale, and Perceived Stress Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using discriminant analysis, chi-square test, multivariate and univariate analysis of variance/covariance and Fisher least significant difference test.
Discriminant analysis showed that WURS-25 could distinguish symptoms of ADHD in three groups of prisoners with and without ADHD symptomology and normal individuals from each other, and its overall classification accuracy is equal to 64.1%; although a large proportion of prisoners without symptomology were ignored. Also, after controlled analyzes, the mean of scores social adjustment components were significantly greater in prisoners with symptomology than in other groups, and for stress in prisoners with symptomology than in normal individuals, with considering cut-off points of 36, 39 and 46.
WURS-25 has an acceptable screening performance in prisoners with ADHD symptomology and can be used in measures related to delinquent populations.
Keywords: Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder, Validity, Theft, Psychological Stress, Social Adjustment
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Clinical Psychology
Received: 2019/11/12 | Revised: 2020/05/18 | Accepted: 2020/07/4 | ePublished ahead of print: 2021/01/23
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