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:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (Vol.7, No.1,spring 2019) ::
J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci 2019, 7(1): 82-97 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the effect of three combined training method (aerobic and resistance) with and without vascular occlusion on some indices of hypertrophy in elderly women
Madiyeh Ebrahimnia * 1, Alireza Hosseini kakhk Seyyed2 , Amirhossein Haghighi2
1- Department of Sport Physiology, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran , spnt.me@gmail.com
2- Department of Sport Physiology, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract:   (700 Views)
Introduction
Size and strength of skeletal muscles are reduced during aging. It seems research on potential interventions that can reduce the loss of function is very important. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of combined exercise with and without blood flow restriction on serum levels of myostatin, folinolatin and IGF-1 in the elderly women.
Materials and Methods
40 older women with ranging from 55-70 years were randomly divided into four groups, 1) combined exercises with a blood flow restriction, 2) low intensity exercise without blood flow restriction, 3) combined exercise with high intensity without blood flow restriction and 4) control group. The Training program included resistance and aerobic training in eight weeks (three sessions per week). Serum levels of myostatin, follistatin and IGF-1 were measured before and after the training period. One-way repeated-measures ANOVA was used to assess the effect of training protocols. The significance level was set at P <0.05.
Results
There was a significant difference among the groups in serum follistatin and myostatin levels (p = 0.0001). Although there was a significant increase in the pre-post test level of IGF-1, there was no significant change in the level of IGF-1 among the groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion
The use of combined exercise with vascular occlusion in elderly women leads to positive effects of anabolic agents in preventing muscle atrophy. It is recommended that combined exercise includes in the training program for elderly women.
Keywords: combined exercise training, vascular occlusion, indices of muscle growth factors, elderly women
Full-Text [PDF 1211 kb]   (142 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2018/06/13 | Revised: 2019/05/19 | Accepted: 2018/10/1 | ePublished ahead of print: 2019/02/26 | Published: 2019/04/29 | ePublished: 2019/04/29
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Ebrahimnia M, Hosseini kakhk A, Haghighi A. Comparison of the effect of three combined training method (aerobic and resistance) with and without vascular occlusion on some indices of hypertrophy in elderly women. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2019; 7 (1) :82-97
URL: http://journal.nums.ac.ir/article-1-532-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 1 (Vol.7, No.1,spring 2019) Back to browse issues page
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