[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 8, Issue 4 (Vol.8, No.4,Winter 2020) ::
J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci 2020, 8(4): 101-111 Back to browse issues page
Influence of climatic factors on probability of presence and geographical distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi, main vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis, in selected counties of Khuzestan Province, 2018
Shahla Bigdeli1 , Elham Maraghi Dr2 , Mona Sharififard Dr1 , Elham Jahanifard Dr * 3, Ahmad Ali Hanafi Bojd Dr4
1- Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2- Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3- Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran , elham.jahani56@gmail.com
4- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (227 Views)
Introduction
Phlebotomus papatasi, the main vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis with the agent of Leishmania major is in Iran that is widely distributed in the country. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of climatic factors on the presence probability of a vector in some counties of Khuzestan Province.
Materials and Methods
In this cross-sectional study, sand flies were collected from 5 selected counties during two seasons. The climatic information of the study areas was obtained from the Meteorological Organization. Spearman correlation coefficient was used to investigate the presence probability of the main vector with environmental variables. The spatial distribution of the main vector was prepared in ArcGIS 10.5.
Results
Of the 884 collected sand flies, 506 of them were Ph. papatasi. The highest number of Ph. papatasi was observed in Ahvaz 151 (29.8%) and the lowest number was observed in Andimeshk 4 (0.79%). There was a significant difference between the geographical location and the probability of being the main vector of rural cutaneous leishmaniasis (P˂0.0001). The temperature was significantly different in the sampling areas (P= 0.024). With the influence of the temperature factor, the highest and lowest probability of vector was reported in Dasht-e-Azadegan (0.71 ± 0.05) and Andimeshk (0.01 ± 0.03), respectively.
Conclusion
In the present study, Ph. papatasi is a dominant species. By controlling the confounding effect of environmental factor, temperature, there was a significant difference between the presence probability of this species in Andimeshk county with other counties.
Keywords: Phlebotomous papatasi, cutaneous leishmaniasis, climatic factors, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 667 kb]   (42 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Orginal Article | Subject: biology
Received: 2020/02/21 | Revised: 2020/12/21 | Accepted: 2020/07/19 | Published: 2020/12/21 | ePublished: 2020/12/21
Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bigdeli S, Maraghi E, Sharififard M, Jahanifard E, Hanafi Bojd A A. Influence of climatic factors on probability of presence and geographical distribution of Phlebotomus papatasi, main vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis, in selected counties of Khuzestan Province, 2018. J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci. 2020; 8 (4) :101-111
URL: http://journal.nums.ac.ir/article-1-897-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 4 (Vol.8, No.4,Winter 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله علوم پزشکی نیشابور J Neyshabur Univ Med Sci

*** هرگونه کپی برداری از این سایت بدون ذکر منبع غیر قانونی و همراه با پیگیری های قضایی می باشد *** مجله دانشکده علوم پزشکی نیشابور *** Any copying of this site without citing the source is illegal And is associated with the pursuit of justice ***

Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4250